Showing posts with label __dict__. Show all posts
Showing posts with label __dict__. Show all posts


Python's __dict__

Python class instance members are really dictionaries/mappings. For example,
    class Foo:
        def __init__(self, name=''):
   = name
You can access the name member:
    In [2]: f = Foo('vito')

    In [3]:
    Out[3]: 'vito'
You can also do:
    In [4]: f.__dict__['name']
    Out[4]: 'vito'
In fact, you can see all the data members:
    In [5]: f.__dict__
    Out[5]: {'name': 'vito'}
This gives us a quick way of creating an object at run time, say when parsing a text file. For a very contrived example, we have a text file that looks like this:
We can grab all the data into a bunch of objects like this:
    class Person:
        def __init__(self, name=''):
   = name

    if __name__ == '__main__':
        f = open('people.dat', 'ro')
        people = []
        for l in f.readlines():
            lsp = l.strip().split(',')
            p = []
            for i in lsp:
            people[-1].__dict__ = dict(p)

        for p in people:
            print p.__dict__
And the output is:
    {'hobby': 'philately', 'age': '35', 'name': 'John'}
    {'age': '28', 'name': 'Sally'}
    {'age': '18', 'name': 'Vito', 'sex': 'male'}
    {'age': '58', 'name': 'Maria'}
You could do something fancier in Person.__str__() (or the __unicode__()) method:
    def __str__(self):
        retstr = ''
        for k,v in self.__dict__.iteritems():
            retstr += '%s: %s\n' % (k, v)
        return retstr